(A) Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Israel) and Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada). 
     New theory debunks consensus that math abilities are innate. (Nov. 1, 2016) Science Daily. 

(B) From ‘sense of number’ to ‘sense of magnitude’ – The role of continuous magnitudes in numerical cognition.
      Tali Leibovich, Naama Katzin, Maayan Harel, Avishai Henik. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2016.

(C) Stanford University & Georgetown U.: Dysfunction of Procedural Memory Leads to Dyscalculia  (Sept. 13, 2016) 

(2)  What are the causes of Developmental Dyscalculia?  (Univ. of Cambridge, 2016)

      (a cognitive  condition).  The dyscalculia group showed visual-spatial working memory impairment; 
      the math anxiety group showed more impairment in verbal working memory, 
      but also showed impairment in visual-spatial tasks with a high cognitive load (ex. many 
      objects to memorize).  This supports that anxiety can use up working memory resources and contribute to poor math performance.
      THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, England, UK | Center for Neuroscience and Education (April 15, 2016)

(4) Spatial Reasoningl Skills in Babies Predict Math Ability (Emory University, Aug. 2016, Psychological Science)

(5) Brian Injury Results in Math Genius by DISCOVERY (May 6, 2014)

(6) Magnetic Stimulation to Left Anterior Temporal Lobe Produces Genius Counting Ability UNIV.of SYDNEY (May 4, 2006)

(8) How Can a Smart Kid be so Bad at Math? (July/Aug 2013) DISCOVER MAGAZINE 

(9) Number Games NATURE MAGAZINE (January 10, 2013) Brian Butterworth's quest to understand dyscalculia. 

(10) Number Games Aid People with Dyscalculia (1-9-13) SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE

(11) Math Ability Requires Crosswalk in the Brain.  (8-29-12)  A new study by researchers at UT Dallas’ Center for Vital Longevity, Duke University, and the University of Michigan has found that the strength of communication between the left and right hemispheres of the brain predicts performance on basic arithmetic problems. The findings shed light on the neural basis of human math abilities and suggest a possible route to aiding those who suffer from dyscalculia– an inability to understand and manipulate numbers.

(12) Dyslexic Medical Student wins Accommodations on National Exam  (2-25-11) The Disability Rights Section of the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (US) reached a settlement with the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) requiring reasonable testing accommodations to persons with disabilities and score reporting the same as for others who receive accommodations.

(13) The new DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) will contain a new LEARNING DISABILITIES category under neurodevelopmental disorders which will contain dyscalculia (math) and dyslexia (reading) disabilities.  The DSM-5 is due in May 2013; comment on the draft published by the American Psychological Association at: .

(14) Dyscalculia-Math Dyslexia by Helen Daly in the Dallas Examiner (3-8-11)

(15) Developmental Dyscalculia Information and Facts by Thomas C. Weiss (2-15-11) in  Disabled World.