Dyscalculia Articles

Adlam, F. (2012). Dyscalculia matters: Effective ways of working with children who struggle      

        with maths. Laughton, U.K: Essential Resources.

Alards-Tomalin, D. (2015). Time and Numbers: The Link between Developmental 

        Arithmetical Difficulties and Time Comprehension Problems. 

Psynopsis: Canada's Psychology Newspaper.  Winter 2015. pp. 11-13.

Ansari, D. (2011). Introduction to the special issue: toward a developmental cognitive 

        neuroscience of numerical and mathematical cognition. 

Developmental Neuropsychology, 36(6), 645-650.

Ansari, D. (2008). Unraveling Math Dyslexia. Paretial Cortex is underactive for number-quantity association in dyscalculics.

         Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. University of Western Ontario. "Unraveling 'Math Dyslexia'." ScienceDaily. 

         ScienceDaily, 26 September 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080924151007.htm>

Ardila, A., & Rosselli, M. (2002). Acalculia and dyscalculia. 

Neuropsychology Review, 12(4), 179-231.

Ardila, A. (1997). Specific learning disabilities: a neuropsychological perspective. 

International Journal Of Neuroscience, 89(3/4), 189.

Arsic, S., Eminovic, F., & Stankovic, I. (2011). The Ability of Conceptual Monitoring and the 

        Quality of Working Memory at Children With Calculation Difficulties. Online Submission, Hickman, 

        L. E. (2007). When Math Doesn't Add Up. Momentum  (0026914X), 38(3), 32-34.

Ashkenazi, S., Mark-Zigdon, N., & Henik, A. (2013). Do subitizing deficits in developmental 

        dyscalculia involve pattern recognition weakness?. Developmental Science, 16(1), 35-46.   


Atwood, T. (2012). Tests for Dyscalculia. Corby: First and Best in Education Ltd. UK

Auerbach, J. G., Gross-Tsur, V., Manor, O., & Shalev, R. S. (2008). Emotional and Behavioral 

        Characteristics over a Six-Year Period in Youths with Persistent and Nonpersistent Dyscalculia. 

        Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 41(3), 263-273.

Barnea-Goraly, N., Eliez, S., Menon, V., Bammer, R., & Reiss, A. L. (2005). Research Report:   

        Arithmetic ability and parietal alterations: A diffusion tensor imaging study in 

        Velocardiofacial syndrome. Cognitive Brain Research, 25735-740. 


Berch, D. (2008). Working memory and mathematical cognitive development: limitations of 

        limited-capacity resource models. Developmental Neuropsychology, 33(3), 427-446.

Berch, D. (2005). Making sense of number sense: implications for children with mathematical 

        disabilities. Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 38(4), 333-339.

Berg, D. H. (2008). Cognitive Impairments of Children with Severe Arithmetic Difficulties: 

        Cognitive Deficit or Developmental Lag? 

Exceptionality Education Canada, 18(1), 59-92.

Bird, R. (2011). The dyscalculia resource book: Games and puzzles for ages 7 to 14. 

London: SAGE.

Bird, R. (2009). Overcoming difficulties with number: Supporting dyscalculia and students who 

        struggle with maths. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Bird, R. (2007). The dyscalculia toolkit: Supporting learning difficulties in maths. London: Paul 


Blair, K. P., Rosenberg-Lee, M., Tsang, J. M., Schwartz, D. L., & Menon, V. (2012). 

Beyond natural numbers: negative number representation in parietal cortex. 

Frontiers In Human Neuroscience, 67. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00007

Bozdoğan, Z., Sağ, A. T., Öztekin, Z. N., & Ak, F. (2013). Bilişsel Bulgularıyla Posterior 

Serebral Arter İnfarktı: Hemianopsiden Fazlası. Turkish Journal Of Neurology / Turk Noroloji Dergisi, 19(4), 139-142. doi:10.4274/Tnd.56823

Butterworth, B. (2005). The development of arithmetical abilities. Journal Of Child Psychology  & Psychiatry, 46(1), 3-18. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00374.x

Butterworth, B., & Yeo, D. (2004). Dyscalculia guidance: Helping pupils with specific learning difficulties in maths. London: NferNelson Pub. Co.

Büttner, G., & Hasselhorn, M. (2011). Learning Disabilities: Debates on definitions, causes,  subtypes, and responses. International Journal Of Disability, Development & Education,  58(1), 75-87. doi:10.1080/1034912X.2011.548476

Callaway, E. (2013). Dyscalculia: Number games. Nature, 493(7431), 150-153. 


Cangoz, B., Altun, A., Olkun, S., & Kacar, F. (2013). Computer-Based Screening Dyscalculia:  Cognitive and Neuropsychological Correlates. Turkish Online Journal Of Educational Technology - TOJET, 12(3), 33-38.

Cappelletti, M., Freeman, E. D., & Butterworth, B. L. (2011). Time processing in dyscalculia.  Frontiers In Psychology, 2364. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00364

Cappelletti, M., Hwee Ling, L., Freeman, E. D., & Price, C. J. (2010). The Role of Right and  Left Parietal Lobes in the Conceptual Processing of Numbers. Journal Of Cognitive  Neuroscience, 22(2), 331-346.

Carota, A., Marangolo, P., Markowitsch, H. J., & Calabrese, P. (2013). When solving 22–7 is much more difficult than 99–12. Neurocase. Psychology Press, 19(1), 54-66. 


Causier, H. (2008). The Dyscalculia Toolkit: Supporting Learning Difficulties in Maths – By Ronit Bird. Support For Learning, 23(4), 214. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9604.2008.00400_3.x

Chinn, S. J. (2015). The Routledge international handbook of dyscalculia and mathematical learning difficulties. Routledge. England. 

Chinn, S. (2012). More Trouble with Maths: A complete guide to identifying and diagnosing mathematical difficulties. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.

Chinn, S. J., & Ashcroft, J. R. (2007). Mathematics for dyslexics: Including dyscalculia.  Chichester, England: J. Wiley.

Chinn, S. J., & Champenois, C. (2007). Dealing with dyscalculia: Sum hope 2. London:  Souvenir.

Chinn, S. (2009). Mathematics anxiety in secondary students in England. Dyslexia. Chichester,  England. 15(1), 61-68. doi:10.1002/dys.381

Cho, S., Metcalfe, A. S., Young, C. B., Ryali, S., Geary, D. C., & Menon, V. (2012).  Hippocampal-prefrontal engagement and dynamic causal interactions in the maturation of  children's fact retrieval. Journal Of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(9), 1849-1866. 


Cho, S., Ryali, S., Geary, D. C., & Menon, V. (2011). How does a child solve 7 + 8? 

Decoding brain activity patterns associated with counting and retrieval strategies. 

        Developmental Science, 14(5), 989-1001. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01055.x

Chong, S. L., & Siegel, L. S. (2008). Stability of Computational Deficits in Math Learning  Disability From Second Through Fifth Grades. Developmental Neuropsychology, 33(3), 300-317. doi:10.1080/87565640801982387

Chu, F. W., van Marle, K., Geary, D. C., Slaughter, V., & Dowker, A. (2013). 

Quantitative deficits of preschool children at risk for mathematical learning disability.  Frontiers In Psychology, 41-10. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00195

Cohen, D., Martel, C., Wilson, A., Déchambre, N., Amy, C., Duverger, L., & ... Plaza, M. (2007).  Brief report: a visual-spatial deficit in a 16-year-old girl with maternally derived duplication of proximal 15q. Journal Of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 37(8), 1585-1591.

Critchley, M. (1980). Neuropsychology. Journal Of The Royal Society Of Medicine, 73(7), 532.

David, C. V. (2012). Working memory deficits in Math learning difficulties: a meta-analysis.  International Journal Of Developmental Disabilities, 58(2), 67-84. 


Dehaene, S., Piazza, M., Pinel, P., & Cohen, L. (2003). Three parietal circuits for number processing. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 20(3-6), 487.

Delazer, M., & Butterworth, B. (1997). A Dissociation of Number Meanings. 

Cognitive Neuropsychology, 14(4), 613-636. doi:10.1080/026432997381501

Demeyere, N., Rotshtein, P., & Humphreys, G. W. (2012). The Neuroanatomy of Visual  Enumeration: Differentiating Necessary Neural Correlates for Subitizing versus Counting in a Neuropsychological Voxel-based Morphometry Study. 

Journal Of Cognitive  Neuroscience, 24(4), 948-964.

Dennis, M., Berch, D., & Mazzocco, M. (2009). Mathematical learning disabilities in special populations: phenotypic variation and cross-disorder comparisons. Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 15(1), 80-89. doi:10.1002/ddrr.54

De Smedt, B., Swillen, A., Verschaffel, L., & Ghesquière, P. (2009). Mathematical learning disabilities in children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: A review. Developmental  Disabilities Research Reviews, 15(1), 4-10. doi:10.1002/ddrr.44

Dinkel, P. J., Willmes, K., Krinzinger, H., Konrad, K., & Koten, J. J. (2013). Diagnosing developmental dyscalculia on the basis of reliable single case FMRI methods: promises and limitations. Plos One, 8(12), e83722. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083722

Docherty, S. J., Davis, O. P., Kovas, Y., Meaburn, E. L., Dale, P. S., Petrill, S. A., & ... Plomin, R.  (2010). A genome-wide association study identifies multiple loci associated with mathematics ability and disability. Genes, Brain & Behavior, 9(2), 234-247. 


Emerson, J., & Babtie, P. (2010). The dyscalculia assessment. New York: Continuum  International Pub. Group.

Faramarzi, S., & Sadri, S. (2014). The effect of basic neuropsychological interventions on the performance of students with dyscalculia. Neuropsychiatry & Neuropsychology /  Neuropsychiatria I Neuropsychologia, 9(2), 48-54.

Flora, C. (2013). No Head for Numbers. Discover, 34(6), 86-88.

Fuchs, L. S., Fuchs, D., & Prentice, K. (2004). Responsiveness to Mathematical Problem- Solving Instruction: Comparing Students at Risk of Mathematics Disability With and Without Risk of Reading Disability. Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 37(4), 293-306.

Furman, T., & Rubinsten, O. (2012). Symbolic and non-symbolic numerical representation in  adults with and without developmental dyscalculia. Behavioral & Brain Functions, 8(1),  55-69. doi:10.1186/1744-9081-8-55

Geary, D., Hoard, M., Nugent, L., & Byrd-Craven, J. (2008). Development of number line representations in children with mathematical learning disability. 

Developmental Neuropsychology, 33(3), 277-299.

Geary, D. (2007). An evolutionary perspective on learning disability in mathematics.  Developmental Neuropsychology, 32(1), 471-519.

Geary, D. C., Hoard, M. K., Byrd-Craven, J., Nugent, L., & Numtee, C. (2007). Cognitive  Mechanisms Underlying Achievement Deficits in Children With Mathematical Learning  Disability. Child Development, 78(4), 1343-1359. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01069.x

Geary, D. (2005). Role of cognitive theory in the study of learning disability in mathematics.  Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 38(4), 305-307.

Geary, D. (2004). Mathematics and learning disabilities. 

Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 37(1), 4-15.

Geary, D. C., Bow-Thomas, C. C., Liu, F., & Siegler, R. S. (1996). Development of arithmetical competencies in Chinese and American children: influence of age, language, and schooling. Child Development, 67(5), 2022-2044.

Gee, N. (2012). Disability and difference in higher education: be prepared for what you can't  know. Diversity & Equality In Health & Care, 9(2), 151-155.

Gillum, J. (2012). Dyscalculia: issues for practice in educational psychology. Educational  Psychology In Practice, 28(3), 287-297. doi:10.1080/02667363.2012.684344

Glen, Stephanie. (2014). Dyscalculia: an essential guide for parents. CreateSpace Publishing. 

Gnanapavan, S., Jaunmuktane, Z., Baruteau, K. P., Gnanasambandam, S., & Schmierer, K.  (2014). A rare presentation of atypical demyelination: tumefactive multiple sclerosis causing Gerstmann's syndrome. BMC Neurology, 14(1), 1-11. 


Greenwald, S. R. (2006). Two plus two is not five: Easy methods to learn addition + subtraction.  Englewood, CO: Longevity Publishing.

Groffman, S. (2009). Subitizing: Vision Therapy for Math Deficits. Optometry & Vision  Development, 40(4), 229-238.

Gross-Tsur, V., Shalev, R., Manor, O., & Amir, N. (1995). Developmental right-hemisphere syndrome: clinical spectrum of the nonverbal learning disability. Journal Of Learning  Disabilities, 28(2), 80-86.

Hale, J., Alfonso, V., Berninger, V., Bracken, B., Christo, C., Clark, E., & ... Goldstein, S. (2010).  Critical issues in response-to-intervention, comprehensive evaluation, and specific learning disabilities identification and intervention: an expert white paper consensus. Learning Disability Quarterly, 33(3), 223-236.

.Halpern, D. F., Benbow, C. P., Geary, D. C., Gur, R. C., Hyde, J. S., & Gernsbacher, M. A.  (2007). The Science of Sex Differences in Science and Mathematics. 

Psychological Science In The Public Interest (Wiley-Blackwell), 8(1), 1-51.

doi:10.1111/j. 1529-1006.2007.00032.x

Hannell, G. (2013). Dyscalculia: Action plans for successful learning in mathematics. Abingdon,  Oxon: Routledge.

Hauser, T. U., Rotzer, S., Grabner, R. H., Susan, M., & Jäncke, L. (2013). Enhancing performance in numerical magnitude processing and mental arithmetic using transcranial  Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Frontiers In Human Neuroscience, 71. 


Heine, A., Tamm, S., De Smedt, B., Schneider, M., Thaler, V., Torbeyns, J., & ... Jacobs, A.  (2010). The Numerical Stroop Effect in Primary School Children: A Comparison of Low, Normal, and High Achievers. Child Neuropsychology, 16(5), 461-477. 


Hellgren, K., Halberda, J., Forsman, L., Adén, U., & Libertus, M. (2013). Compromised approximate number system acuity in extremely preterm school-aged children.  Developmental Medicine And Child Neurology, 55(12), 1109-1114. 


Henderson, A., & Henderson, A. (2013). Dyslexia, dyscalculia and mathematics: A practical guide. London: Routledge.

Henderson, A., Came, F., & Brough, M. (2003). Working with dyscalculia: Recognising dyscalculia: overcoming barriers to learning in maths. Marlborough: Learning Works.

Horowitz, S. (2008). Learning styles versus learning disabilities. Children's Voice, 17(2), 22-23.

Hubbard, E. M., Piazza, M., Pinel, P., & Dehaene, S. (2005). Interactions between number and space in parietal cortex. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6(6), 435-448. 


Hughes, S., & Kolstad, R. (1994). Dyscalculia and mathematics achievement. 

Journal Of Instructional Psychology, 21(1), 64.

Iuculano, T., & Cohen Kadosh, R. (2014). Preliminary evidence for performance enhancement following parietal lobe stimulation in Developmental Dyscalculia. Frontiers In Human  Neuroscience, 81. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00038 

Iuculano, T., Tang, J., Hall, C. B., & Butterworth, B. (2008). Core information processing deficits in developmental dyscalculia and low numeracy. Developmental Science, 11(5), 669-680. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00716.x

Iwasaki, Y., Mori, K., Ito, M., Nokura, K., Tatsumi, S., Mimuro, M., & ... Yoshida, M. (2014).  Gerstmann-Straeussler-Scheinker disease with P102L prion protein gene mutation presenting with the rapidly progressive clinical course. Clinical Neuropathology, 33(5), 344-353. doi:10.5414/NP300733

Jimenez Gonzalez, J. E., & Espinel, A. G. (2002). Strategy choice in solving arithmetic word problems: Are there differences between students with learning disabilities, G-V poor performance and typical achievement students? 

Learning Disability Quarterly, 25(2), 113.

Judge, S., & Watson, S. R. (2011). Longitudinal Outcomes for Mathematics Achievement for  Students with Learning Disabilities. Journal Of Educational Research, 104(3), 147-157.  doi:10.1080/00220671003636729

Kadosh, Roi Cohen, Kathrin Cohen Kadosh, Teresa Schuhmann, Amanda Kaas, Rainer Goebel, Avishai Henik, Alexander T. Sack. (2007).    

Virtual Dyscalculia Induced by Parietal-Lobe TMS Impairs Automatic Magnitude Processing. Current Biology. 17 April 2007, Vol.17(8):689–693.  doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.02.056

Karagiannakis, G., Baccaglini-Frank, A., & Papadatos, Y. (2014). Mathematical learning  difficulties subtypes classification. Frontiers In Human Neuroscience, 81. 

doi:10.3389/fnhum. 2014.00057

Kaufmann, L., Mazzocco, M. M., Dowker, A., von Aster, M., Goebel, S., Grabner, R., & ...  Nuerk, H. (2013). Dyscalculia from a developmental and differential perspective. Frontiers In Psychology, 41-12. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00516

Kaufmann, L., & von Aster, M. (2012). The Diagnosis and Management of Dyscalculia.  Deutsches Aerzteblatt International, 109(45), 767-ii. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2012.0767

Kaufmann, L., Wood, G., Rubinsten, O., & Henik, A. (2011). Meta-analyses of developmental  fMRI studies investigating typical and atypical trajectories of number processing and  calculation. Developmental Neuropsychology, 36(6), 763-787. 


Kaufmann, L., Vogel, S. E., Starke, M., Kremser, C., Schocke, M., & Wood, G. (2009).  Developmental dyscalculia: compensatory mechanisms in left intraparietal regions in  response to nonsymbolic magnitudes. Behavioral And Brain Functions: BBF, 535. 

doi: 10.1186/1744-9081-5-35

Kaufmann, L. (2002). More Evidence for the Role of the Central Executive in Retrieving  ArithmeticFacts – A Case Study of Severe Developmental Dyscalculia. 

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, 24(3), 302.

Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, U., Ralser, E., Pupp Peglow, U., Pehboeck-Walser, N., & Fussenegger, B.  (2013). Early risk predictors for impaired numerical skills in 5-year-old children born before 32 weeks of gestation. Acta Paediatrica, 102(1), 66-71. doi:10.1111/apa.12036

Koontz, K. L., & Berch, D. B. (1996). Identifying Simple Numerical Stimuli: Processing  Inefficiencies Exhibited by Arithmetic Learning Disabled Children. 

Mathematical Cognition, 2(1), 1-23.

Koumoula, A., Tsironi, V., Stamouli, V., Bardani, I., Siapati, S., Graham, A., & ... von Aster, M.  (2004). An epidemiological study of number processing and mental calculation in Greek schoolchildren. Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 37(5), 377-388.

Krasa, N., & Shunkwiler, S. (2009). Number sense and number nonsense: Understanding the challenges of learning math. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Pub. Co.

Kucian, K., & Aster, M. (2015). Developmental dyscalculia. 

European Journal Of Pediatrics, 174(1), 1-13. doi:10.1007/s00431-014-2455-7

Kucian, K., Plangger, F., O'Gorman, R., & von Aster, M. (2013). Operational momentum effect in children with and without developmental dyscalculia. 

Frontiers In Psychology, 4847. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00847

Kucian, K., Loenneker, T., Martin, E., & von Aster, M. (2011). Non-symbolic numerical distance effect in children with and without developmental dyscalculia: a parametric fMRI study. Developmental Neuropsychology, 36(6), 741-762. doi:10.1080/87565641.2010.549867

Kucian, K., Loenneker, T., Dietrich, T., Dosch, M., Martin, E., & Von Aster, M. (2006). 

Impaired neural networks for approximate calculation in dyscalculic children: a  functional MRI study. Behavioral & Brain Functions, 231-17. 


Kumar B., R. r., Mukhi, P., & Bhat, J. S. (2010). Do developmental dyscalculic children have spatial biases in processing numbers? Evidences from SNARC effect.

Journal Of The All India Institute Of Speech & Hearing, 29(1), 30-36.

Landerl, K., Libertus, K., & Morgan, G. (2013). Development of numerical processing in  children with typical and dyscalculic arithmetic skills--a longitudinal study.  Frontiers In Psychology, 41-14. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00459

Landerl, et al. (2009). Dyslexia and dyscalculia: Two learning disorders with different cognitive profiles.  

         Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 103(3):309-24 · May 2009

Li, Y., & Geary, D. C. (2013). Developmental Gains in Visuospatial Memory Predict Gains in  Mathematics Achievement. Plos ONE, 8(7), 1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070160

Linay, K. L., Bernardo, M. F., & Maranan, E. (2014). P04 a rare case of primary CNS  angiosarcoma presenting as an incomplete Gerstmann syndrome: a case report and review of literature. Neuro-Oncology, 16(suppl_6), vi1.

Lindskog, M., Winman, A., Juslin, P., Fuentes, L. J., & Stoianov, I. P. (2014). 

The association between higher education and approximate number system acuity.  Frontiers In Psychology, 51-10. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00462

Ludwig, K. U., Sämann, P., Alexander, M., Becker, J., Bruder, J., Moll, K., & ... Czamara, D.  (2013). A common variant in myosin-18B contributes to mathematical abilities in  children with dyslexia and intraparietal sulcus variability in adults. 

Translational Psychiatry, 3e229. doi:10.1038/tp.2012.148

Mabbott, D. J., & Bisanz, J. (2008). Computational Skills, Working Memory, and Conceptual  Knowledge in Older Children With Mathematics Learning Disabilities. 

Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 41(1), 15-28.

MacDougall, M. (2009). Dyscalculia, Dyslexia, and Medical Students' Needs for Learning and  Using Statistics. Medical Education Online, 14(1), 1-8. doi:10.3885/meo.2009.F0000213

Maehler, C., & Schuchardt, K. (2011). Working Memory in Children with Learning Disabilities:  Rethinking the criterion of discrepancy. International Journal Of Disability, Development  & Education, 58(1), 5-17. doi:10.1080/1034912X.2011.547335

Mammarella, I. C., Bomba, M., Caviola, S., Broggi, F., Neri, F., Lucangeli, D., & Nacinovich, R.  (2013). Mathematical difficulties in nonverbal learning disability or co-morbid dyscalculia and dyslexia. Developmental Neuropsychology, 38(6), 418-432. 


Martins, I. P., Ferreira, J., & Borges, L. (1999). Acquired procedural dyscalculia associated to a  left parietal lesion in a child. Child Neuropsychology: A Journal On Normal And  Abnormal Development In Childhood And Adolescence, 5(4), 265-273.

Mazzocco, M. M., Feigenson, L., & Halberda, J. (2011). Impaired acuity of the approximate number system underlies mathematical learning disability (dyscalculia). Child Development, 82(4), 1224-1237. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01608.x

Mazzocco, M. M. (2005). Challenges in Identifying Target Skills for Math Disability Screening and Intervention. Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 38(4), 318-332.

Mejias, S., Mussolin, C., Rousselle, L., Grégoire, J., & Noël, M. (2012). Numerical and nonnumerical estimation in children with and without mathematical learning disabilities. Child Neuropsychology, 18(6), 550-575. doi:10.1080/09297049.2011.625355

Messenger, C., Emerson, J., & Bird, R. (2007). Dyscalculia in Harrow. Mathematics Teaching,  (204), 37-39.

Michaelson, M. T. (2007). An overview of dyscalculia. Australian Mathematics Teacher, 63(3), 17-22.

Mighton, J. (2008). Using Math as a Springboard to Success. Education Canada, 48(3), 32-35.

Mighton, J. (2013). For the love of math. Scientific American Mind, 24(4), 60-67.

Miller, C. J., & Hynd, G. W. (2004). What Ever Happened to Developmental Gerstmann's  Syndrome? Links to Other Pediatric, Genetic, and Neurodevelopmental Syndromes. Journal Of Child Neurology, 19(4), 282-289.

Miller, D. C. (2010). Best practices in school neuropsychology: Guidelines for effective practice,  assessment, and evidence-based intervention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Mobbs, D., Eckert, M., Menon, V., Mills, D., Korenberg, J., Galaburda, A., & ... Reiss, A. L.  (2007). Reduced parietal and visual cortical activation during global processing in Williams syndrome. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 49(6), 433. 


Montis, K. K. (2000). Language Development and Concept Flexibility in Dyscalculia: A Case Study. Journal For Research In Mathematics Education, 31(5), 541.

Monuteaux, M., Faraone, S., Herzig, K., Navsaria, N., & Biederman, J. (2005). ADHD and  dyscalculia: evidence for independent familial transmission. 

Journal Of Learning Disabilities, 38(1), 86-93.

Moro, V., Pernigo, S., Urgesi, C., Zapparoli, P., & Aglioti, S. M. (2009). Finger recognition and  gesture imitation in Gerstmann's syndrome. Neurocase (Psychology Press), 15(1), 13-23.  doi:10.1080/13554790802570464

Mórocz, I. Á., Janoos, F., van Gelderen, P., Manor, D., Karni, A., Breznitz, Z., & ... Shalev, R.  (2012). Time-resolved and spatio-temporal analysis of complex cognitive processes and their role in disorders like developmental dyscalculia. International Journal Of Imaging  Systems & Technology, 22(1), 81-96. doi:10.1002/ima.22009

Morsanyi, K., Devine, A., Nobes, A., & Szűcs, D. (2013). The link between logic, mathematics  and imagination: evidence from children with developmental dyscalculia and  mathematically gifted children. Developmental Science, 16(4), 542-553. 


Murphy, M. M., Mazzocco, M. M., Hanich, L. B., & Early, M. C. (2007). Cognitive  Characteristics of Children With Mathematics Learning Disability (MLD) Vary as a Function of the Cutoff Criterion Used to Define MLD. Journal Of Learning Disabilities,  40(5), 458-478.

Mussolin, C., De Volder, A., Grandin, C., Schlögel, X., Nassogne, M., & Noël, M. (2010). Neural Correlates of Symbolic Number Comparison in Developmental Dyscalculia.  Journal Of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(5), 860-874.

Narimani, M., Abbasi, M., Abolghasemi, A., & Ahadi, B. (2013). The effectiveness of training  acceptance / commitment and training emotion regulation on high-risk behaviors of students with dyscalculia. International Journal Of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction,  2(2), 51-58. doi:10.5812/ijhrba.10791

Noël, M., & Rousselle, L. (2011). Developmental Changes in the Profiles of Dyscalculia: An  Explanation Based on a Double Exact-and-Approximate Number Representation Model.  Frontiers In Human Neuroscience, 5165. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2011.00165

Nolting, P. 1. (1994). Mathematics study skills: a must for students with LD. Intervention In  School & Clinic, 3053-59.

Nys, J., Content, A., & Leybaert, J. (2013). Impact of Language Abilities on Exact and  Approximate Number Skills Development: Evidence From Children With Specific  Language Impairment. Journal Of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 56(3), 956-970. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/10-0229)

Otaku, T., Kamada, K., Aoki, S., & Saito, N. (2009). Visualization of calculation centers by  functional MRI for neurosurgery. British Journal Of Neurosurgery, 23(4), 406-411. 


ÖZGİRAY, E., ÖNER, K., ÖVUL, İ., & ACARER, A. (2012). Gerstmann Syndrome; A Frequent  Pathology Presenting With A Rare Symptomatology. Journal Of Neurological Sciences, 29(4), 836-840.

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(2004) Temporal unfolding of mental calculation: a fMRI study.   Harvard University.

Istv´ an A. ´ M´orocz, Peter van Gelderen, Ruth Shalev, Elizabeth S. Spelke,  Ferenc A. J´olesz                 

Findings: Cascade Model for mental multiplication and estimation where the various cognitive steps that activate parts of the brain, are listed in the following temporal order, firstly for multiplication: triggering of occipital visual processing areas, left temporal operculum and IPS, and caudate heads; an early appreciation of numerical magnitudes in left parietum, right cerebellum and IPS, later in middle and median FG, anterior insulae, V1 and extrastriates; secondly for estimation & decision making: both IPS and MFG, left IFG and frontoparietal operculum, and median FG; and finally, for the motor response: SMA and right hand primary motor cortex.

(2008) Dyscalculia: Neuroscience and Education by Liane Kaufmann, 

              Clinical Department of Pediatrics IV, Section Neuropediatrics, Innsbruck Medical University, Austria

fMRI of mental math brain activation

Developmental dyscalculia: Fresh perspectivesTrends in Neuroscience and Education (Journal, 2018) Pages 33-37. 

Dénes Szűcs, Usha Goswami.  Abstract PDF (324 K)

Core deficit and individual manifestations of developmental dyscalculia (DD): The role of comorbidity  Pages 38-42.  

Karin Landerl, Silke M. Göbel, Kristina Moll.  Abstract Purchase PDF - $31.50

Multiple components of developmental dyscalculia. Original Research Article. Pages 43-47. Abstract Purchase PDF - $31.50

Wim Fias, Vinod Menon, Denes Szucs

How do symbolic and non-symbolic numerical magnitude processing skills relate to individual differences in children's mathematical skills? A review of evidence from brain and behavior. Pages 48-55. Abstract Purchase PDF - $31.50

Bert De Smedt, Marie-Pascale Noël, Camilla Gilmore, Daniel Ansari

Developmental trajectories of grey and white matter in dyscalculia. Pages 56-64.

Ashish Ranpura, Elizabeth Isaacs, Caroline Edmonds, Mary Rogers, Julie Lanigan, Atul Singhal, Jon Clayden, Chris Clark, Brian Butterworth.  Abstract Purchase PDF - $31.50

Contributions of longitudinal studies to evolving definitions and knowledge of developmental dyscalculiaReview Article

Pages 65-73. Michèle M.M. Mazzocco, Pekka Räsänen.  Abstract Purchase PDF - $31.50

Walk the number line – An embodied training of numerical conceptsPages 74-84.  Tanja Link, Korbinian Moeller, Stefan Huber, Ursula Fischer, Hans-Christoph Nuerk.  Abstract Purchase PDF - $31.50

Interventions for improving numerical abilities: Present and futurePages 85-93.  

Roi Cohen Kadosh, Ann Dowker, Angela Heine, Liane Kaufmann, Karin Kucian.  Abstract PDF (1798 K)

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